GUIDANCE FOR PG AND HG PILOTS VISITING ROMANIA
According to the HG 912/2010, Romanian airspace is mostly free to be used by free fliers. In class G space VFR rules apply.
VFR flights in class G space: Art.22 – VFR flights only in class G space can be make only after the pilot (s) informed the military authorities, with minimum 30 minutes before start of flying, at:
- Telefon 40. 021. 315 0105
- Fax 40. 021. 315 8647
Art.23 - The info regarding the flights need to contain: a) number and type of gliders (PG or/and HG)
Glider identification number, only if is the case (in Romania the PG and HG does not require to have an identification number), c) pilot name, d) flying area or course, e) flight level or altitude, f) approx. hour of departure and approx. hour of landing.
If there are any modifications of the above info, these will be immediately communicated to the authorities.
You also have to check the NOTAM; released by AIS at http://www.aisro.ro/ - Navigation warnings sub menu
There are approximately 30 pg/hg clubs in Romania, and they can give you useful information permission to fly at the various sites. Before visiting an area look up the Club Contact at the AZLR web site (www.azlr.ro) and make contact: he (or she) will be able to fully brief you and hopefully ensure that you get a warm welcome and some first class flying.
Insurance. You will need to carry proof that you have suitable third party cover.
IPPI card: You should carry your IPPI card so that clubs can ensure that you are suitably qualified to fly their sites, especially in some mountain areas
In case you don’t hold an IPPI card, you have to contact first a Romanian PG/HG instructor to approve you to fly. The list of Romanian free flying instructors can be find at http://www.azlr.ro/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=62&Itemid=71
Instruction and Tandem flights
Foreign instructors are not allowed to teach paragliding in Romania, unless they are hired by a Romanian school/club.
Foreign tandem pilots are not allowed to do tandem commercial flights in Romania.
Rules for avoiding aerial collisions
The prime rule is the first one!
• It is the pilot’s responsibility to take all possible measures to avoid a collision with any other aircraft.
• An aircraft shall not be flown so close to another aircraft as to create a danger of collision.
• No formation flying is permitted unless all the pilots have agreed.
• When required by these Rules to give way, an aircraft shall avoid passing over, under or ahead of another unless well clear.
• An aircraft that has right of way under these Rules shall maintain its course and speed.
Other than in the cases of approaching head-on and overtaking:
• A powered aircraft shall give way to airships, gliders and balloons.
• An airship shall give way to gliders and balloons.
• A glider shall give way to balloons.
• When two aircraft of the same classification converge at approximately the same altitude, the one with the other on its right shall give way.
Converging courses (Gliders and distances not to scale – You would never be anywhere near this close!)
When approaching head-on
When approaching approximately head-on with a risk of collision, both aircraft shall alter course to the right.
Approaching head-on (Gliders and distances not to scale – You would never be anywhere near this close!)
(This rule is modified slightly by UK ridge-soaring conventions: when ridge-soaring, if two gliders are flying towards each other at similar height, the pilot with the ridge on the left should move out so that the other has room to maintain course without having to turn into or over the ridge.)
Approaching head-on when ridge-soaring ((Gliders and distances not to scale – You would never be anywhere near this close!)
When overtaking another aircraft you must give way to it and alter course to the right to overtake.
Overtaking (Gliders and distances not to scale – You would never be anywhere near this close!)
In Romania a glider may overtake another glider to either the left or right (paragliders and hang gliders are both considered to be gliders).
When hill soaring in Romania overtaking should be done on the hill side so that the overtaken glider remains free to make a normal turn away from the hill.
• An aircraft landing or on final approach has right of way over all other aircraft in the air or on the ground.
• The lowest aircraft of any on an approach to land has right of way, provided it does not cut in front of or overtake any aircraft on final approach.
• When landing, you should leave clear on the left any glider that is landing, has landed or is about to take off. (This Rule may have to be modified to suit the site.)
• After landing, you must clear the landing area as soon as possible.
You must have an up-to-date aeronautical chart if flying cross-country or anywhere other than club sites where you have had a comprehensive local airspace briefing.
Charts are available to download from here
Use of the classic ham-radio on 144 MHz is allowed in flight, providing you hold a radio user license.
Only licenced airband radios may be used on specific frequencies, which can be find contacting the local clubs.